What are Biohazard Waste Services? Biohazard waste services is the removal of biohazardous waste from a facility, usually but not always, healthcare related. Like municipal garbage collection in one way, that someone will come and pickup your waste. That is the only similarity though, biohazardous waste could carry infectious agents that could harm the health or humans, animals, and the environment.
In 1988 congress enacted the medical waste tracking act for four states, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Puerto Rico. The Medical Waste Tracking Act did the following.
The Medical Waste Tracking Act lasted for two years from June 24, 1989, through June 21, 1991, under the authority of the Federal EPA.
Biohazard waste is healthcare waste that that may be contaminated by blood, body fluids or other potentially infectious materials and is often referred to as regulated medical waste.
One of the improvements to come out of the Medical Waste Tracking Act was the establishment of a “cradle to grave” system to track medical waste generated. The bill was designed to prevent careless management of medical waste by establishing tracking and storage requirements and subjecting violators to administrative, civil, and criminal penalties.
The tracking system is intended to provide, assurance that the medical waste generated in fact reaches its intended destination, and in the event of improper disposal the waste can be tracked back to the responsible parties.
Segregation should always be the responsibility of the waste producer; it should take place as close as possible to where the waste is generated and should be maintained in storage areas and during transport.
The most appropriate way of identifying the categories of healthcare waste is by sorting the waste into color-coded plastic bags or containers.
Staff should never attempt to correct errors of segregation by removing items from a bag or container after disposal or by placing one bag inside another bag of a different color.
Packaging, Labeling, and Markings
Staff should ensure that waste bags are tightly closed or sealed when they are about three-quarters full. Light gauge bags can be closed by tying the neck, but heavier-gauge bags probably require a plastic sealing tag of the self-locking type.
When tying the bags never use a bunny ear knot as these are prone to leak. An overhead knot or gooseneck knot are the preferred methods for tying bags.
Labeling includes the Generator’s name, the Generator’s address, and the Generator’s phone number (24-hour number, if available).
Bags and containers for biohazardous waste should be marked with the international biohazard waste symbol, the word ‘BIOHAZARD’, the word ‘Sharps’ if the package contains sharps.
Maintain the integrity of the packaging and provide protection from water, rain, and wind.
Maintain biohazard waste in a non-putrescent state, using refrigeration when necessary.
Lock the outdoor storage areas containing PIMW to prevent unauthorized access.
Limit access to on-site storage areas to authorized employees only.
Store the biohazard waste in a manner that affords protection from animals and does not provide a breeding place or food source for insects and rodents.
Must not compact the biohazard waste packages or subject them to stress which compromises the integrity of the container.
Copies of all biohazard waste manifests must be kept at the storage operation for at least 3 years and must be made available to the EPA upon request.
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