Due to the potential dangers of blood and blood plasma, standard operating procedures for their disposal are very specific. The FDA indicates:
“The SOPs <Standard Operating Procedures>shall contain specific language for disposal of contaminated waste. Needles should be disposed of in a container designed to prevent accidental puncturing of personnel. Specific instructions regarding color and size of bags used for trash, the handling of such bags inside and outside of the establishment, and whether autoclaving or incineration is used for suspected contaminated waste should be written in the SOP. If contaminated waste is disposed of by a firm other than the plasma center, a contractual agreement should be on file at the plasma center.
The firm should have provisions for autoclaving or incinerating potentially infectious trash and items used in collection, processing, and testin
g procedures; whole blood or red blood cells not reinfused; and plasma unsuitable for use. The plasma center’s provisions for disposal of contaminated waste (i.e., on-site or off-site) should be reported in the establishment inspection report.
Bags used for the disposal of blood and blood plasma are to be leak-proof, and placed inside leak-proof containers that can be completely sealed. Bags used for sharps (any item that can puncture the skin such as hypodermic needles) are leak-proof and puncture proof and are placed into containers that can be completely sealed; filling only ¾ full to prevent injuries. All containers are to have the universal biohazard labels to identify the contents. Containers are to be in a location away from any unauthorized personnel and easily picked up by professional medical waste disposal staff.
For those that suffer from debilitating diseases, plasma donation centers are called the “gift of life.” Many chronic conditions all the way to life saving plasma proteins for premature babies require that people donate blood plasma. Donation centers conduct their facilities in a much more specific manner than standard blood donation locations. However, like all facilities that involve blood, they are required to comply with strict guidelines to ensure prevention of bloodborne pathogens from transmission to people, animals, the community and the environment.
Blood contains red and white blood cells, platelets, other cellular components and plasma. The plasma is a light tan colored clear liquid part of the blood that is left when all of these other factors are removed. Plasma makes up about fifty five percent of blood, making it the largest blood component, and is made of water, enzymes, salts, antibodies and other proteins. Water is 90% of plasma and it’s used to transport medium for cells and other substances that our bodies require. Two of the most important functions of plasma involves assisting in blood clotting as well as fighting diseases.
Source plasma is collected in a process called plasmapheresis and is from volunteer donors that are healthy. This type of plasma is used for additional manufacturing called fractionation for final therapies and these donors may be compensated for effort and time.
Recovered plasma is collected with the donation of whole blood and then plasma is separated.
Blood that is donated may contain a variety of communicable and deadly diseases. Plasma donation centers must screen for any and all diseases to ensure that the plasma is not contaminated.
Parent page – Medical Waste Disposal
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